Close monitoring of prostate cancer by a physician instead of immediate treatment.
When prostate cancer spreads beyond the prostate gland to other parts of the body.
Wasting away of tissue in the body.
The removal of a small piece of tissue, which is then examined under a microscope.
An organ that holds urine.
A general term for a large group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow and spread throughout the body.
Identify a disease by its signs and symptoms and then confirm with tests.
A procedure in which the doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to examine the prostate gland for enlargement or tenderness and signs of cancer.
The inability to have or maintain an erection; also called impotence.
A score (2–10) that helps doctors determine how aggressive prostate cancer is.
The use of medications or surgical removal of the testicles to reduce male hormone stimulation of growth of prostate cancer.
Chemicals secreted by glands that circulate in the bloodstream and produce specific effects on targeted organs and tissues.
Rushes of warmth in the face, neck, upper chest, and back lasting for a few seconds to an hour. They may also cause increased sweating.
The inability to have or maintain an erection; also known as erectile dysfunction.
The inability to control urine flow.
The inability of a man or woman to conceive children.
Prostate surgery using several small incisions.
The generic active pharmaceutical ingredient in ELIGARD (leuprolide acetate for injectable suspension).
A drug that lowers the amount of testosterone made by the testicles.
Small glands that help defend the body against harmful foreign particles.
Substances, such as testosterone, that stimulate specific cells.
Surgical removal of the testicles; also called surgical castration.
Cancer of the prostate gland. Prostate cancer can also spread to other parts of the body, such as lymph nodes, bone, and seminal vesicles.
A walnut-sized gland that surrounds the male urethra, located between the bladder and the penis.
A blood test used to help detect and follow the course of prostate cancer.
Surgery to remove the prostate (see “Radical retropubic prostatectomy”).
The use of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells.
Surgery to remove the entire prostate gland along with nearby tissue, such as the seminal vesicles (see “Prostatectomy”).
The final section of the intestines that ends at the anus.
A laparoscopic prostate surgery that employs robotic arms controlled by a surgeon.
The thick, whitish fluid released through the penis during orgasm. The prostate makes substances that are present in semen.
A pair of glands near the prostate that add substances to semen.
Male reproductive cells produced in the testicles.
Determining the extent and severity of a disease in a person.
The pair of egg-shaped glands contained in the scrotum. They produce sperm and testosterone.
A male sex hormone produced mostly by the testicles, although a small amount is made by the adrenal glands.
The use of ultrasound waves to visualize the prostate.
The duct that carries urine from the bladder.